Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Post Type Selectors
Search in posts
Search in pages
Filter by Categories
Book Review
Brief Report
Case Letter
Case Report
Case Series
Commentary
Current Issue
Editorial
Erratum
Guest Editorial
Images
Images in Neurology
Images in Neuroscience
Images in Neurosciences
Letter to Editor
Letter to the Editor
Letters to Editor
Letters to the Editor
Media and News
None
Notice of Retraction
Obituary
Original Article
Point of View
Position Paper
Review Article
Short Communication
Systematic Review
Systematic Review Article
Technical Note
Techniques in Neurosurgery
Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Post Type Selectors
Search in posts
Search in pages
Filter by Categories
Book Review
Brief Report
Case Letter
Case Report
Case Series
Commentary
Current Issue
Editorial
Erratum
Guest Editorial
Images
Images in Neurology
Images in Neuroscience
Images in Neurosciences
Letter to Editor
Letter to the Editor
Letters to Editor
Letters to the Editor
Media and News
None
Notice of Retraction
Obituary
Original Article
Point of View
Position Paper
Review Article
Short Communication
Systematic Review
Systematic Review Article
Technical Note
Techniques in Neurosurgery
Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Post Type Selectors
Search in posts
Search in pages
Filter by Categories
Book Review
Brief Report
Case Letter
Case Report
Case Series
Commentary
Current Issue
Editorial
Erratum
Guest Editorial
Images
Images in Neurology
Images in Neuroscience
Images in Neurosciences
Letter to Editor
Letter to the Editor
Letters to Editor
Letters to the Editor
Media and News
None
Notice of Retraction
Obituary
Original Article
Point of View
Position Paper
Review Article
Short Communication
Systematic Review
Systematic Review Article
Technical Note
Techniques in Neurosurgery
View/Download PDF

Translate this page into:

Case Report
11 (
2
); 353-354
doi:
10.1055/s-0040-1709375

Variants in HNRNPDL and SETX Not Necessarily Indicate Familial Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis or Limb Girdle Muscular Dystrophy 1G in Acute Muscular Respiratory Failure

Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Messerli Institute, Vienna, Austria
2nd Medical Department with Cardiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, Austria
Institute of Medical Genetics, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Address for correspondence Josef Finsterer, MD, PhD Postfach 20, Vienna, 1180 Austria fifigs1@yahoo.de
Licence
This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Disclaimer:
This article was originally published by Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Ltd. and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher.

Abstract

Abstract

Genetic work-up is useful for the identification of a primary myopathy. However, even sophisticated genetic methods may fail to detect the underlying cause of myopathy as in the following case. The patient is a 52-year-old female with a history of epilepsy, arterial hypertension, atrial flutter requiring cardioversion, ablation, and anticoagulation, coronary heart disease, hyperlipidemia, and hyper-CKemia. At age 52 years, she was referred for heart failure due to ischemic cardiomyopathy requiring appropriate medication and implantation of an ICD. During hospitalization she developed acute muscular respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation. Genetic panels for myopathy, neuropathy, and cardiomyopathy revealed variants of unknown significance in the HNRNPDL and SETX genes respectively. Clinical presentation and muscle biopsy, however, suggested metabolic myopathy. Acute muscular respiratory failure may require traditional diagnostic work-up for primary myopathy and long-term invasive and non-invasive ventilation. Panel investigations not necessarily lead to a conclusive diagnosis. The multisystem nature of the condition rather suggests a metabolic defect than LGMD-1G or fALS as genetic findings suggested.

Keywords

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
genetics
mitochondria
mitochondrial disorders
neuromuscular disorders

Case Report

The patient is a 52-year-old female, height 160 cm, who was referred for heart failure. Her history included recurrent syncopes/seizures in childhood, pyelonephritis in adolescence, diabetes, arterial hypertension, hyperCKemia, coronary heart disease, atrial flutter requiring cardioversion, ablation, and anticoagulation, non-ST segment myocardial infarction, hyperlipidemia, statin myopathy, and smoking 35 pack/years. The family history was positive for dementia and statin myopathy (mother).

Upon bisoprolol, eplerenone, sacubitril/valsartan, and furosemide, heart failure resolved. Creatine-kinase did not exceed 899U/L (n < 170U/L). Electrocardiogram showed left-anterior hemiblock and right bundle-branch block. Echocardiography revealed systolic and diastolic dysfunction, ventricular hypertrophy, biatrial enlargement, right ventricular dilatation, and noncompaction. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging confirmed echocardiographic findings and additionally revealed transmural late gadolinium-enhancement. For primary prophylaxis, an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) was implanted. ICD-implantation was complicated by a toxic reaction to local anesthetics. Nonalcoholic liver cirrhosis was detected.

On hospital day (hd) 17, she developed acute, muscular respiratory failure under continuous positive airway pressure-assisted spontaneous breathing (CPAP-ASB) requiring intubation/mechanical ventilation. Clinical neurologic exam revealed hypermetropia, weakness for head anteflexion (M5-), weakness for elbow extension (M5-), reduced tendon reflexes, and male hair-type. Nerve-conduction studies revealed axonal neuropathy. Muscle biopsy revealed selective type-2 fiber atrophy, occasional COX-negative fibers, and deposition of complement complexes. Genetic panel for myopathy, neuropathy, and cardiomyopathy revealed the variants c.115G>C and c.1327G>T of unknown significance in HNRNPDL and SETX, respectively.

Extubation was unsuccessful two times and followed by a third intubation on hd 33 and tracheotomy. On hd 110, the patient was released with noninvasive ventilation (NIV) by a home-respirator. After a period of altogether 10 months, she could be weaned off NIV.

Despite a panel for myopathy, neuropathy, and cardiomyopathy, the cause of cardiomyopathy and primary myopathy could not be identified. HNRNPDL variants have been associated with autosomal-dominant limb girdle muscular dystrophy-1G and SETX variants have been associated with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. However, the clinical presentation was neither compatible with limb girdle muscular dystrophy-1G1 nor with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.2 Arguments in favor of a metabolic myopathy are previous reports about acute respiratory failure as a complication of metabolic myopathy,3 4 the multisystem disease, the mother’s history positive for statin-induced myopathy and dementia, deterioration of muscle weakness upon local anesthestics, statin-intolerance, noncompaction, and incompatibility of the variants with the patient’s phenotype. Recovery from muscular respiratory failure may be attributed to ventilatory treatment and care,5 heart failure therapy, exemplary compliance, or the reversible nature of muscle weakness.

This case shows that acute muscular respiratory failure may require traditional diagnostic work-up and long-term invasive/noninvasive ventilation, and that panel investigations not necessarily lead to a conclusive diagnosis.

Authors’ Contributions

All authors contributed equally. J.F. and C.S. helped in clinical investigations, design, literature search, discussion, first draft, and critical comments.

Conflict of Interest

None declared.

Funding None.

References

  1. , , , et al . HNRNPDL-related muscular dystrophy: expanding the clinical, morphological and MRI phenotypes. J Neurol. 2019;266(10):2524-2534.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. , , . Update on amyotrophic lateral sclerosis genetics. Curr Opin Neurol. 2019;32(5):735-739.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. , , . Metabolic myopathies and the respiratory system. Clin Chest Med. 2018;39(2):401-410.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. , , , et al . Practical recommendations for diagnosis and management of respiratory muscle weakness in late-onset pompe disease. Int J Mol Sci. 2016;17(10):E1735.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. , . Respiratory care of patients with neuromuscular disease. Respir Care. 2019;64(6):679-688.
    [Google Scholar]

Fulltext Views
571

PDF downloads
103
View/Download PDF
Download Citations
BibTeX
RIS
Show Sections