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Case Report
4 (
1
); 45-47
doi:
10.4103/0976-3147.105611

Symptomatic bilateral isolated perforator infarction following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage

Department of Neurosurgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India
Address for correspondence: Dr. Pravin Salunke Department of Neurosurgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research Chandigarh � 160012 India drpravin_salunke@yahoo.co.uk
Licence
This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Disclaimer:
This article was originally published by Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Ltd. and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher.

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) occurs in the extraparenchymal vessels in the subarachnoid space at the base of the brain. Ischemia/ Infarction affecting primarily the perforator vessels in isolation, following aneurysmal SAH is uncommon. A 28-year-old man with a ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysm underwent clipping of the aneurysm. He developed delayed bilateral deep seated infarcts involving both internal capsular regions, the thalamus and basal ganglia without any major vessel infarct. The patient was managed with triple H (hypertensive hypervolemic hemodilutional) therapy and calcium channel antagonists but did not show any improvement and remained in poor neurological status. Perforator vasospasm occurring secondary to aneurysmal SAH, though documented in experimental animal studies, has rarely been reported in humans in a clinical setting. The present case provides evidence, albeit indirect, of isolated perforator vasospasm, which possibly should be the target of future therapeutic strategies.

Keywords

Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage
Infarcts
perforator vasospasm

Conflicts of interest

Nill

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